Roses - A Guide to Rose Flowers

“What’s in a name? That which we call a rose by any other name would smell as sweet.” -- William Shakespeare
Roses Flowers

Roses are probably the most popular and loved flowers in the whole botanical Empire. They are soft looking and mysterious, revealing themselves in tens of layers of rose petals. On the other hand, they are aggressive and defensive, exposing pointy rose thorns. Many hybridization specialists have tried throughout time to create rose species without thorns, but the tradeoff was too big: the produced roses were scentless. Thus, they are a small price to pay in comparison with the exquisite beauty of the rose flower.

The Rose Flower

The rose flower is, alongside water lilies, the oldest flower ever known to mankind. The oldest species of roses, Rosa Gallica, were identified in reliques which date from as long as 30 million of years ago. The rose flower, especially the pink rose flower, was painted in the cavemen’s caves in the Stone Age. In gardens, roses were cultivated in China since 5000 BC, while in Europe the first rose garden was cultivated in the late eighteenth century. In ancient Rome, rose petals were used as confetti for celebrating the returning warriors.

The rose flower was loved and evoked by numerous artists, writers and singers. Shakespeare mentioned it no less than 80 times in his entire life work and Oscar Wilde revived the Persian red rose flower legend in its short story: The Happy Prince. The legend says the red rose flower appeared when a nightingale, which was in love with the white rose flower, hurried and embraced her, sticking its heart into the rose’s thorns. The white rose flower was stained with the nightingale’s blood, becoming a beautiful red rose flower.

When you decide growing a rose garden, it’s very important to match not only the color of the rose flowers, but also to be careful what types of rose bushes you are planting and when they bloom, so that your rose garden will be harmonious in bloom and color.

The basics of growing a rose garden reside in the four Feng Shui elements:

  • Soil: The soil of a rose garden should have good drainage and should be slightly acid (PH=5.5 to 7, but 6.5 is ideal).
  • Watering: Water your rose garden abundantly and deeply during the growing and blooming seasons. Don’t sprinkle, but instead give the roots a full soaking. Four or five gallons per rose in one watering per week bush should do the trick, even for dry soils. Water early in the morning or at sundown, never when the sun is hot.
  • Spacing: If you grow grandifloras, floribundas or tea roses, plant them 18 to 30 inches apart. Rose flowers like to have enough space to grow. Miniatures should be kept 12 to 15 inches apart, while climbing roses should have 8 to 12 feet between them, as they like crowded places the less from all rose flower species.
  • Sun: Rose flowers love morning sun. They should get about 6 hours of sun per day, preferably in the morning.

Here are a few tips for choosing rose bushes for your rose garden:

  • Choose grandifloras or hybrid tea roses if you want rose flowers with long stems, good if you also want to keep them as cut flowers in your home.
  • However, think of floribundas, climbing roses or shrubs if you want your rose garden to bloom more often.

Also, in order to maintain fresh your rose garden take the following into consideration:

  • Plant your rose bushes in spring until early summer so that they have time to grow solid roots until winter settles in.
  • Mulch around your roses to avoid pathogens and produce a more fertile soil for your roses.
  • Prune your rose bushes in early spring, just before growing time (this means usually March).
  • Remove the spent blooms so that your bushes will produce new flowers as soon as posible.

Roses are a classic gift or decoration, regardless of the occasion or Holiday it’s used for. They always promise to make an impression, especially when offered without any special occasion.

Here are a few ideas when offering a rose bouquet or when trying to create or choose a rose arrangement for your home:

  • Offering a single rose flower, especially a single red rose is a sign of passion and love, the Lovers’ Flower.
  • A single white rose conveys pure feelings, while a single pink rose cries out “I like you”.
  • A rose bouquet composed of a dozen red roses conveys messages such as “I love you” and “Be mine”.
  • Offer a rose bouquet on your 15th anniversary, as this is the flower celebrating this occasion.
  • Offer a 25 rose bouquet if you want to say “Congratulations”, or 50 if you want to show someone your infinite love.
  • Also be careful when accepting roses. If you do so with your right hand, you convey agreement with that person’s feelings, if you do so with the left one, you convey disagreement.
  • When choosing or creating a rose arrangement for your home, it’s best to stick with clean rose arrangements (a dozen or two dozen of roses, in different color palettes, also mixed with greenery).

Roses are definitely the best flowers for your wedding. They are the classical choice that you can never go wrong with. Rose flowers can be used for anything you can think of in your wedding: bridal, bridesmaids and flower girls’ bouquets, centerpieces, buttoniers, corsages, centerpieces, confetti or arrangements.

If you think of using roses for your wedding, take into consideration the following:

  • White wedding roses are the perfect choice for a first-time young bride walking down the aisle in a white wedding dress, as they will complement both her innocence and gown.
  • Round bouquets will compliment any dress, so think of choosing a round rose bouquet composed of about 30 to 60 rose flowers for an 8 inch bouquet. Bridesmaids’ bouquets will need about 20 to 40 stems.
  • If you’re having small flower girls, think of having them holding a replica of your rose bouquet, but made out from spray roses.
  • Keep the wedding roses used for rose petals for the flower girls to spread on the wedding aisle in the fridge the night before the wedding, so that they do not dry out.
  • Think of keeping some wedding roses in order to put fresh rose petals that match your wedding theme in the wedding favor baskets.
  • There are tons of roses types you can choose from as your wedding roses, depending on your wedding theme color: Circus, Leonidas or Apricot rose for orange, Supergreen and Jade rose for green, Classic Cezanne, Rosita Vendella, Anouschka or Musical roses for pink, Olympia or Prima Donna roses for peach, Milano roses for deep purple, Royal Class or Black Baccara roses for red, Talea, Violina or Universe for cream and Avalanche or Akito roses for white.

Rose flowers come in a wide variety of colors. Here are some roses types:

  • White Rose

    Emblem of the House of York in the Rose War, the white rose is the flower of moonlight, symbolizing virginity and innocence. The blooming bud of this white flower symbolizes a girl too young to love. Traditionally used as wedding flowers, these white flowers are a token of virtue, pure love, unity, envisioning new beginnings.

  • Orange Rose

    A result of hybridization techniques, this orange flower was born from combining yellow roses and red roses. Orange roses primarily signify passionate romance, burning desire and enthusiasm.

  • Peach Rose

    Ranging from light peach tones to papaya shades, the peach rose is a symbol of sincerity, gratitude, friendship and appreciation. Peach roses are used to send out messages such as “closing the deal”, “Thank you” or “Let’s get together”.

  • Blue Rose

    Although blue roses are not a product of nature, mankind has come close to obtaining a truly blue rose: the “Blue Moon”. Either obtained by tainting white roses with blue pigment, or as a result of hybridization techniques, these blue flowers are a symbol of mystery and of attaining the impossible. Blue roses are said to convey a message of eternal youth and of wish fulfillment.

  • Red Rose

    The red rose is by excellence the Lovers’ Rose, being associated with the blood and the heart since the Ancient Greek and Roman Empires. From the light red, to cardinal or deep red, these red flowers are a metaphor of love, passion and romance. Being used in wedding ceremonies to symbolize an eternal bond, this red flower conveys a message of “first love” (rosebud) or “I’m still in love with you” (open rose).

  • Brown Rose

    Brown roses come in a wide range of shades, varying from café au lait to ice tea. This brown flower is especially suited for men, being the perfect way to tell a man you love him.

  • Black Rose

    Although true black roses do not exist in nature, some of the darkest shades of burgundy roses or midnight purple roses appear to the eye as being black. This black flower is a token of tragic love and death, but it also represents devotion and strength, conveying a message of “farewell”.

  • Purple Rose

    The purple rose, a majestic and royal symbol, signifies enchantment and love at first sight or maternal/paternal love. Result of hybridization, this purple flower comes in a variety of purple shades and it is said to be the most fragrant species of roses.

  • Yellow Rose

    The Yellow Rose is meant to express platonic friendship and joy, while in Germanic culture they are a sign of infidelity and jealousy. In modern days’ floriography, this yellow flower, which comes in various shades of yellow, symbolizes new beginnings.

  • Pink Rose

    Pink roses are the oldest known roses in the world, being depicted in early paintings. These pink flowers often convey sweetness, elegance and grace, being associated to poetic romance. The most popular varieties of pink roses are: “Panache”, “Tarentella”, “Venus”, “Hot Lips” and “High&Royal”.